• Natural Capital Declaration
  • Natural Capital Declaration
  • Natural Capital Declaration
  • Natural Capital Declaration
  • Natural Capital Declaration
  • Natural Capital Declaration

New Lending and Investment Tool Sets Agricultural Supply Chain on Sustainable Path

New Lending and Investment Tool Sets Agricultural Supply Chain on Sustainable Path, Reducing Deforestation Threat


Press Release: Nairobi, Oxford, 29 July 2015 – A new lending and investment policy tool for financial institutions, unveiled today, aims to reduce the deforestation risk caused by the unsustainable production, trade, processing and retail of soft commodities, especially soy, palm oil and beef.


The report and the new tool are freely available to download by clicking here.
New research by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Natural Capital Declaration highlights the critical need to fundamentally strengthen how financial institutions view, address and manage deforestation and degradations risks.


Of the 30 financial institutions assessed, the majority did not have policies that explicitly require clients to comply with applicable local, national and ratified international laws and regulations related to forest conservation.


The study, entitled “Bank and Investor Risk Policies for Soft Commodities” highlights policies that banks and investors can adopt to help reduce deforestation and forest degradation risks resulting from unsustainable practices across agricultural supply chains that are major drivers of tropical deforestation.


An accompanying Soft Commodities Forest-risk Assessment Tool provides a framework to evaluate policies adopted by banks and investors to address deforestation and forest degradation risk in the agricultural value chain.


UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner, said, “Addressing deforestation is high on the twenty-first century policy agenda. The continuing loss of the world’s tropical rainforests represents a significant threat to the security of water, food, energy, health and climate for millions worldwide.


“Banks and investors who engage in the destruction of forests through their lending and investment practices expose themselves to potentially significant regulatory, reputational, legal, operational and market risks, which could affect the credit risks and market value of underlying assets,” he said.


“Financial institutions can and should be part of the solution should they decide to adopt the tools and mechanisms designed to curb deforestation and produce sustainable value chains for commodities,” Mr. Steiner concluded.


The study and the tool help financial institutions gain insight into criteria to address risks and opportunities linked to soft commodity producers, such as the potential to support sustainable production through financial products and services.


Banks and investors are encouraged to adopt internal policies and procedures to strengthen monitoring and management of risks linked to the financing of companies whose activities contribute to deforestation and forest degradation through their operations or supply chains.


Andrew Mitchell, Co-Director, Natural Capital Declaration and CEO, Global Canopy Programme says “Financial institutions have a major role to play in curbing deforestation and in helping to accelerate the transition to new more sustainable practices.  The NCD’s new Soft Commodity Forest Risk Assessment Tool now gives them the means to update or develop soft commodity policies using the minimum and best-practice suggestions provided in the report.”


The study, commissioned by the UN-REDD Programme, was produced by the Natural Capital Declaration (NCD). The Natural Capital Declaration is  a unique global finance-led and CEO endorsed initiative co-convened by UNEP’s Finance Initiative and the Global Canopy Programme that seeks to accelerate the integration of natural capital considerations into financial products and services such as loans, bonds and equities.


The report and the new tool are freely available to download by clicking here.


More Findings from the report:

The financial sector is exposed to risks from deforestation and degradation linked to the production and processing of soft commodities.


The best performing financial institutions in terms of managing this risk are the African Development Bank, FMO Development Bank, the International Finance Corporation, Standard Chartered Bank and Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Bank.


Almost half of the 30 financial institutions evaluated have policies in place to identify, manage and control or mitigate risks linked to loans or investments in companies involved in soft commodities.


Despite the recent deforestation commitments in the New York Declaration on Forests, Country commitments under the UNFCCC, and other leading initiatives such as the Consumer Goods Forum and Tropical Forest Alliance, few financial institutions were systematically quantifying their exposure to risks or creating opportunities related to the production of soft commodities at a portfolio level.


Only 13 per cent of the financial institutions assessed have developed financial products and services specifically aimed at promoting the production and trade of sustainable commodities.


Almost all financial institutions disclose general sustainability policies or policies focused to some extent on the production of soft commodities. However, many financial institutions do not disclose evidence of specific activities to monitor companies’ compliance with these policies on an ongoing basis.


Recommendations for financial institutions identify areas for improvement that are tailored to how advanced their existing policies and practices are compared with sector peers. Leaders are expected to have specific environmental criteria in policies for soft commodities, covering the entire value chains of companies they lend to or invest in. They are also expected to require or encourage certification under relevant commodities roundtables, and to disclose implementation and monitoring of policies.





For further information or to arrange interviews, please contact:

UN Environment Programme:

Shereen Zorba, Global Head of News and Media, unepnewsdesk@unep.org, +254 788526000


Natural Capital Declaration

Rachel Mountain, Head of Communications, Global Canopy Programme r.mountain@globalcanopy.org, +44 (0)1865 724 333


Robert Bartram, Communications officer, UNEP FI, Robert.bartram@unep.org , +41 22 917 8934



Notes to editors

  • About the Natural Capital Declaration

The Natural Capital Declaration (NCD) is a global finance-led initiative to integrate natural capital considerations into financial products and services, and to work towards their inclusion in financial accounting, disclosure and reporting. It is signed by the CEOs of 40 financial institutions, which are actively working with supporting (non-financial) organisations to develop methods to implement the four commitments in the Declaration. This is being done through a steering committee of signatories and supporters and four working groups, supported by a secretariat formed of the UNEP Finance Initiative and the Global Canopy Programme (GCP).

For more information visit www.naturalcapitaldeclaration.org



  • About UNEP Finance Initiative

The United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) is a unique partnership between UNEP and a global network of over 200 banks, insurers and investors from 51 countries. UNEP FI aims at creating an enabling environment for financial institutions to embed sustainable development policies into their operations, and its mission is to mainstream the integration of sustainability across the finance sector. It provides a neutral space to convene stakeholders and acts as a platform at the intersection between finance, science and policy. Visit www.unepfi.org



  • About the Global Canopy Programme

The Global Canopy Programme (GCP) is a tropical forest think-tank and international NGO, working to demonstrate the scientific, political and business case for safeguarding forests as natural capital that underpins water, food, energy, health and climate security for all.  www.globalcanopy.org



  • List of financial institutions evaluated:

African Development Bank (AfDB)


Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A.

Banco Sudameris SAECA

Bank of America Corporation

Banorte – Ixe

BlackRock, Inc.

BNP Paribas SA

Calvert Group, Ltd.

Credit Suisse Group AG


Financiera Rural


HSBC Holdings plc

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd.

International Finance Corporation

JPMorgan Chase & Co.

MN Services NV

National Australia Bank Limited

Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM)

PAX World Management Corporation

PT Bank Mandiri (Persero) Tbk

PT Bank Negara Indonesia (Persero) Tbk (BNI)

Rabobank Group

Standard Chartered PLC

State Street Corporation

Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Bank

The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.


Wells Fargo & Company

Go back to News, Press release